Diabetes is a disease of blood sugar levels. It occurs because insulin in the body does not work efficiently. As a result, the body struggles to control blood sugar levels.
There are two main characters. People can use type 1 diabetes with insulin injections and must careful diet and activity planning to avoid complications of treatment.
A person can regulate type 2 diabetes with oral medication, lifestyle measures, and also insulin if other treatments are not strong.
There are so many medications available for diabetes that it can be hard knowing which is best. This article will describe the various types of medication available, as well as their effects on the body.
Medications for type 1 diabetes
Treatment for type 1 diabetes always includes insulin. This replaces absent insulin and maintains blood sugar levels under control.
Patients can self-inject insulin under the skin, or, if hospitalized, a doctor might inject insulin directly into the blood. It is also possible as a powder that people can breathe in.
Insulin injections vary by how quickly they act, their peak action, and how long they last. The aim is to mimic how the body would produce insulin throughout the day to promote efficient energy intake.
there are different types of insulin
Rapid-acting injections take result within 5 to 15 minutes but last for a shorter time of 3 to 5 hours:
- insulin lispro (Humalog)
- insulin aspart (NovoLog)
- insulin glulisine (Apidra)
Short-acting injections take force from between 30 minutes and 1 hour, and last for 6 to 8 hours:
- regular insulin (Humulin R and Novolin R)
Intermediate-acting injections take force after about 1 to 4 hours, and last for 10 to 26 hours:
- insulin isophane also called NPH insulin (Humulin N and Novolin N)
Long-acting injections take result after 1 or 2 hours and last for between 14 and 24 hours:
- insulin glargine (Toujeo)
- insulin detemir (Levemir)
Premixed injections are mixtures of the above types of insulin. All take result from between 5 minutes and 1 hour, and last for between 10 and 24 hours:
- insulin aspart protamine and insulin aspart (NovoLog Mix 50/50 and NovoLog Mix 70/30)
- insulin degludec (Tresiba)
NPH insulin and control insulin (Humulin 70/30 and Novolin 70/30)
People can breathe in rapid-acting inhalable insulin, which takes force within 12 to 15 minutes and lasts for 2.5 to 3 hours:
- Insulin human powder (Afrezza)
Medications for type 2 diabetes
Insulin can also help maintain high blood glucose levels in type 2 diabetes, but only when other treatments have not had the desired effect.
Women with type 2 diabetes who become pregnant may also use it to decrease the effects of the condition on the fetus.
Many of the medicines have a combination of effects. If a person requires two or more treatments to regulate glucose levels, insulin treatment may be necessary
My parents have been looking for a suitable alliance for me for the last few months. But for some reason a few of my relatives have them convinced that because i am diabetic (from a very young age) it will be difficult for them to get any good proposals. I do not know how this affects my ability to take care of my wife and be a good husband, but has this ever happened to anyone else also?
Was just wondering, in your experience which hospitals are the best to go to if your are diabetic patient.
I am 26 and want to know how I can live a healthy lifestyle which will reduce the risk of having diabetes.
I am taking my parents on a road trip of Tamil Nadu because they have always wanted to go to different temple towns in this state. My dad is diabetic, so is there something i should keep in mind to see to it that he has a good time without any problems while we are on the road?
So i have been recently diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes. And most events in the start up industry have alcohol and it is getting very hard to socialise without drinking. What do other people in my situation do? Please do share.
I know this sounds a bit silly but my dad has diabetes and now i have become a bit paranoid. I really crave sugar when i am working and there is this box of biscuits i keep on my desk. I really eats loads of them sometimes when i do not have time for a meal especially and now i am a bit worried. Is there any irreparable damage that is done here?
typically diabetic dont go to doctors and prefer to continue medicines given by doctors.
I am bored of usual oats and cornflakes without sugar and all that. I want to know what all indian breakfast recipes i can teach my cook so that i can eat tasty food and no one will nag me about it being too unhealthy.
I feel there are many solutions in ayurveda which helps keep sugar under control. I remember someone telling me karela (bittergoud) is very good. Has anyone actually tried and felt some results?
My doc has asked me to take up some form of exercise to keep my diet in control. I am not really the jogging or walking sorts because i do not have the discipline for that. Thinking of joining a class so that then because i paid i will go. So i was exploring different options and thought maybe yoga could be one. Does it really help?
I like fruits so this should be an easy change to make.
I know it is a condition that a lot of people live with, but i am feeling very depressed since i have been diagnosed. Anything i can do to help the situation?
I feel if it is on my phone all the time i will be more careful about my diet. Any recommendations?
I am searching for a good gift for my dad. He is 63 and has been recently diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes. Looking for something that can help him.
I feel very guilty when i eat white rice in the afternoon for lunch. So, after a quick google search i got to know that brown rice is better for diabetics i started taking that instead with other south indian preparations (like sambar, rasam and curd) . But the taste and texture is very different and it does not exactly compliment the side dishes. Looking for a substitute that is similar to rice but to be taken with south indian meals.